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How to Start Composting in 7 Easy Steps

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At OrganicoHarvest, we have taken the initiative to reduce waste by implementing composting in our homes. Composting is a straightforward process. By adopting composting, we have taken a step toward waste reduction, and we encourage you to do the same at your homes so that you don’t just contribute towards the environment as an organic consumer but also help in saving landfills.

We, at OrganicoHarvest, are very concerned about the environmental impact of everything we do. We are helping the planet with technologies like Carbon Capture. But composting in itself has a huge potential in saving the environment.

Why you should compost at home?

To start composting, it’s important to first understand why it matters. Did you know that one-third of landfill waste consists of materials that could have been composted? Composting has numerous benefits for the environment, such as reducing landfill waste, recycling kitchen and yard waste, acting as a soil conditioner, providing nutrients to the soil, and serving as an alternative to chemical fertilizers.

What to do with the final product

Once you’ve decided to compost, you need to determine what you’re going to do with the finished product. Compost can be used as a nutrient-rich soil additive in your backyard garden or your kitchen garden in your apartment, or

Start segregating the Wet & Dry waste

The first step towards composting at home is to start segregating your compostable waste from non-compostable waste. You will be shocked to find that by weight more than half of your waste is kitchen waste that you can compost at home.

Find a place

Next, you’ll need to select a spot to compost and an enclosed bin to prevent unpleasant smells. Then, start feeding your compost! Table scraps, eggshells, orange peels, tea leaves, coffee grounds, garden weeds, and even hair from your hairbrush can be composted. However, it’s important to avoid composting glossy or coated paper, sticky produce labels, and synthetic fertilizer.

Now let’s get our hands dirty and start composting your kitchen waste at home:

Step 1: Add Kitchen Waste to the Container

To create a continuous cycle of composting, it is recommended that you place items such as fruit peels, vegetables, eggshells, coffee, or tea powder into a container, such as a drum or terracotta pot. It is best to avoid using plastic containers. To ensure a smooth process, it is recommended that you have at least two containers available. This way, when one container becomes full, you can begin the composting process in the other container without interruption.

Step 2: Add the Browns

To regulate the moisture level in your compost, include “browns” such as dry shredded leaves, sawdust, or cocopeat. Simply add these materials to the wet garbage in your compost pile.

Step 3: Arrange for Microbes

To facilitate the breakdown of the wet waste in your compost, you will need to introduce microbes. There are two ways to do this: you can either obtain microbes from partially decomposed compost, or you can create a new microbial colony by adding cow dung. You may also use buttermilk to jumpstart the process of microbial growth.

Step 4: Provide Oxygen

In order to maintain an odor-free composting process and prevent the presence of unwanted insects such as maggots, it is important to supply oxygen during aerobic composting. There are two ways to achieve this: you can either create perforations in your container, or you can turn the pile of waste every four days.

Step 5: Layering

With the aerobic composting method, you can produce compost in just 40-45 days. To achieve this, simply add kitchen waste daily and maintain a steady flow of oxygen. If the mixture becomes too wet, add additional browns to maintain the appropriate ratio.

Encourage others to join

Finally, spread the word! Educate your friends and family on the importance of reducing waste and composting. By working together, we can all do our part to create a happier and healthier planet.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can you avoid the smell while composting?

To avoid unpleasant odors during composting, you can take the following steps:
1. Use the right balance of greens (such as kitchen scraps, etc.) and browns (such as dried leaves, and sawdust) in your compost bin. This will help regulate the moisture level and prevent the compost from becoming too wet and smelly.
2. Turn the compost regularly to aerate it and promote the growth of aerobic bacteria. This will help speed up the composting process and reduce the risk of anaerobic bacteria, which can create unpleasant smells.
3. Cover the compost with a layer of browns, such as dried leaves, to prevent the smell from escaping.
4. Avoid adding meat, dairy products, and fatty foods to your compost pile, as these can create unpleasant odors and attract pests.
5. Keep your compost pile away from areas where people congregate, such as patios or seating areas.

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